1A burden concerning the fall of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.
2Lift up a banner on high mountains, raise the voice to them, wave the hand, that they may enter the gates of the princes.
3I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have called the mighty ones in my anger, even those who became strong with my excellency.
4The noise of tumult on the mountains, like many peoples; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together; Yahvah of hosts is performing wonders.
5Warriors are coming from far away, and from the end of the skies, even Yahvah and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.
6Howl; for the day of Yahvah is at hand; it will come from almighty as a plunder which is made suddenly.
7Therefore all hands will be faint, and every man's heart will melt;
8and they will be afraid; terror and pangs will take hold of them; they will be in pain as a woman in travail; they will be amazed at one another; their faces will be as flames.
9Look, the day of Yahvah comes, which has no remedy, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to make the land a desolation; and he will destroy its sinners out of it.
10For the stars of the skies and their constellations will not give their light; the sun will be darkened in its rising, and the moon will not cause its light to shine.
11And I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will bring low the haughtiness of the mighty.
12I will make a man more precious than gold; even a man than the gold of Ophir.
13Therefore I will shake the skies, and the land will be moved out of its place, in the rebuke of Yahvah of hosts, in the day of his fierce anger.
14And they will be like gazelles when they flee, and like sheep that have no one to gather them; every man will turn to his own people, and each flee to his own land.
15Everyone who is found will be thrust through; and everyone who escapes will fall by the sword.
16Their sons will be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses will be spoiled and their wives ravished.
17Look, I will stir up the Medes against them, who have no regard for silver, and have no delight in gold.
18The bows of young men will be broken in pieces; and they will not have pity on the fruit of the womb; their eyes will not spare sons.
19And Babylon, the glory of the kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldean's excellency, will be as when god overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
20It will never be inhabited, nor will it be lived in from generation to generation, nor will the Arabians camp there, nor will the shepherds make their folds there,
21but wild animals will lie there; and their houses will be full of doleful creatures; and ostriches will live there, and satyrs will dance there,
22and the screech-owls will cry in their houses, and jackals in their pleasant houses; its time is soon to come, and its days will not be prolonged.
1For Yahvah will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and will set them in their own land; and strangers will accompany them, and they will add to the house of Jacob.
2And the Gentiles will take them and bring them to their place; and the house of Israel will possess them in the land of Yahvah for male servants and female servants; and they will take them captive, whose captives they were; and they will rule over their oppressors.
3And it will come to pass in the day that Yahvah will give you rest from your sorrow and from your anger and from the hard servitude in which you were made to serve,
4you will take up this proverb against the king of Babylon and say, How has the ruler ceased, the zealous one ceased.
5Yahvah has broken the staff of the wicked and the scepter of the rulers;
6he who struck the peoples in wrath, striking without instruction, who chastised the peoples in anger and persecuted them without pity.
7The whole land is at rest and is quiet; they break forth into singing.
8Yes, the fir trees rejoice over you, and the cedars of Lebanon saying, Since you are felled, no hewer is come up to cut us down.
9The grave beneath is murmuring at your coming; it stirs up against you all the mighty men, even all the rulers of the land whom you overthrew from their thrones.
10All the kings of the nations will answer and say to you, Have you also become weak as we? Have you become like us?
11Your pomp is brought down to the grave, the noise of your harps is dead; the dust is spread under you, and the worms cover you.
12How you are fallen from the skies, son of the dawn, for you have fallen down to the ground, reviler of the nations.
13For you have said in your heart, I will ascend into the skies, I will exalt my throne above the stars of god; I will also live on the high mountains in the outer regions of the north.
14I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most high.
15From now on, you will be brought down to the grave, to the bottom of the pit.
16Those who see you will stare at you and consider you saying, Is this the man who made the land tremble, who shook kingdoms;
17who made the world as a wilderness and destroyed its cities; who did not free his prisoners?
18All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, each in his own house.
19But you are cast out of your grave like an abominable person, and as the raiment of those who are slain, thrust through by the sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as corpses trampled under foot.
20You will not rejoice with them in the grave, because you have destroyed your land and slain your people; the seed of the evildoer will never rise again.
21Prepare slaughter for his sons for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with war.
22For I will rise up against them says Yahvah of hosts, and will cut off from Babylon the name, its offspring, the family, and its generation says Yahvah.
23I will also make it a possession for owls, and pools of water; and I will sweep it with the broom of destruction says Yahvah of hosts.
24Yahvah of hosts has sworn saying, Surely as I have thought, so it will come to pass; and as I have purposed, so it will stand;
25I will break the Assyrian in my land, and on my mountains tread him under foot; then his yoke will depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
26This is the end that is purposed against all the land; and this is the hand that is stretched out against all the nations.
27For Yahvah of hosts has purposed, and who can disannul it? And his hand is stretched out, and who will turn it back?
Isaiah covers the vision of Isaiah.
Isaiah says, that he, Isaiah, the son of Amoz, saw a burden concerning Babylon. This matches Isaiah, the son of Amoz, seeing a vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
The 13th passage of Isaiah is a soliloquy. Up to this point, and in each passage following, the book of Isaiah speaks to stories in other books of the Bible, but here, he stops and reflects with/by/on himself, though we, the readers, get to look in on his contemplation.
If you prefer, passage 13 of Isaiah is a recursion of the book of Isaiah just as the book of Isaiah is a recursion of the whole Bible.
Or, put even another way, this 13th passage of Isaiah is the signature passage. The passage where the author signs his name.
Or, put still another way, this is the inflection point.