Israel's Captivity

The Assyrian captivity of Israel points at it's own book which also includes the Babylonian captivity of the Jewish remnant.

2 Kings 17:6-23

6In the 9th year of Hosea the king of Assyria took Samaria and carried the children of Israel away to Assyria and placed them in Halah and in Habor the river of Gozan cities of Media. I Isaiah 10:6 A Hebrews 13:3 7It was that the children of Israel had sinned against the Master their god who had brought them up out of the land of Mizraim from under the hand of pharaoh king of Mizraim and had worshiped other gods 8and walked in the laws of the peoples whom the Master had expelled from before the children of Israel. 9The children of Israel said words that were not right against the Master their god, both they and their kings. They built to them houses of idols in all their cities from the tower of the watchmen to the fortified city. 10They set up for them statues and idols on every high hill and under every green tree, 11and there they burned incense on all the high places like the peoples whom the Master had expelled from before them, and worked wicked things to provoke the Master to anger. 12For they served idols of which the Master had said to them, You will not do this thing. 13Yet the Master testified against Israel and against Judah by all his servants the prophets and by all the seers saying, Repent from your evil ways and preserve my commandments and contracts according to all the law which I commanded your fathers and according to what I sent to them by my servants the prophets. 2 Kings 17:7-1314They would not listen and were stubborn more than were their fathers who did not believe in the Master their god. 15They rejected his contracts and commandments which he commanded to their fathers and the testimonies which he testified to them and they followed vanity and gained nothing and they followed the peoples concerning whom the Master had commanded them that they should not do like them. 2 Kings 17:14-15FE 16They left all the commandments of the Master their god and made for themselves molten images, even 2 calves, and they sacrificed to the idols and bowed to all the host of the skies and served the lord. 17They caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire and used divinations and sorcery and they purposed to do all manner of evil in the sight of the Master to provoke him to anger. 2 Kings 17:16-1718Therefore the Master was very angry with Israel and removed them from out of his sight. There was no one left but the tribe of Judah only. 19Also Judah did not preserve the commandments of the Master their god, but walked in the laws of Israel who had done what is evil in the sight of the Master and provoked him to anger all the days. 20The Master rejected all the seed of Israel and despised them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers until he had cast them out of his sight. 2 Kings 17:18-2021For the house of Israel had seceded from the house of David and they made Jeroboam son of Nebat king over themselves, and Jeroboam caused Israel to go astray from following the Master and made them sin great sins 22for the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did. They did not depart from them 23until the Master removed Israel from before him, as he had declared by all his servants the prophets, and Israel was carried away from their land to Assyria to this day. 2 Kings 17:21-23 (2 Kings 17:6-23 BRB)


9+2 = 11 = 2 Kings

2 Kings

Much of the history of First Kings and Second Kings is covered in the account of the Assyrian deportation of Israel. This self referential nature of the passage is highlighted by numbers pointing back at itself.

The other major event in Second Kings related to the Assyrian captivity is the Babylonian captivity of the Jewish remnant that survived the Assyrian campaign. Though all the tribes were taken in the Assyrian captivity, a small remnant who became known as Jews survived in the city of Jerusalem by an act of god, until a few hundred years later when the Babylonians overthrew Jerusalem and hauled them to Babylon.

1In the 9th year of his reign in the 10th month in the 10th day of the month Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem and camped around it and built forts against it. 2The city was besieged until the 11th year of King Zedekiah. 2 Kings 25:1-23In the 9th day of the month the famine was severe in the city and there was no bread for the people of the land. 4The city was breached and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the 2 walls which is by the king's garden. Now the Chaldeans were around the city and they went by the way of the plain. 2 Kings 25:3-45The army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook him in the plains of Jericho and all his army was scattered from him. 6They took the king and brought him up to the king of Babel at Riblah and he pronounced judgment against him. 7The king of Babel slew the children of King Zedekiah before his eyes and put out the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him with shackles and carried him to Babel. 2 Kings 25:5-78In the 5th month in the 7th day of the month, which is the 19th year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel, Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard, a servant of the king of Babel, came to Jerusalem. 9He burned the house of the Master and the king's house and all the houses of Jerusalem and all the houses of the princes he burned with fire. 10All the army of the Chaldeans who were with the commander of the guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem. 2 Kings 25:8-1011The rest of the people who were left in the city and the deserters who had gone over to the king of Babel, with the remnant of the multitude, Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried away to Babel. 12But Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard left some of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and farmers. 2 Kings 25:11-12FE 13The pillars of brass that were in the house of the Master and the bases and the bronze sea that was in the house of the Master the Chaldeans broke in pieces, and took all the brass and carried it to Babel. 14The pots and the cauldrons and the large hanging pots and the snuffers and the spoons and all the vessels of brass with which they ministered, they took away. 15The censers and the bowls, which were of gold and silver, and the cups, the commander of the guard took away. 2 Kings 25:13-1516The 2 pillars, one sea, and the bases which King Solomon had made for the house of the Master; the weight of the brass of all these vessels was beyond calculation. 17The height of 1 pillar was 18 cubits, and the capital on it was of brass; and the height of the capital was 3 cubits; and the carved ornaments and pomegranates around on the capital, all of brass; and the 2nd pillar was likewise with carved ornaments, all of brass. 2 Kings 25:16-17FE 18The commander of the guard took Sheriah the high priest and Zephaniah the 2nd priest and the 3 keepers of the door; 19and out of the city he took an officer who was in charge of the men of war and 5 men of those who were in the king's presence, who were found in the city, and the scribe and the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land, and 60 men of the people of the land who were still in the city; 20and Nebuzaradan, the commander of the guard, took these, and brought them to the king of Babel at Riblah; 21and the king of Babel struck them, and killed them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. 2 Kings 25:18-21Judah was carried away captive out of their land. 2 Kings 25:21 (2 Kings 25:1-21 BRB)

These two deportations are by far the most important events in the book of Second Kings, which explains the self-referential nature of the math, but they are also arguably some of the most pivotal events in the overarching redemption process because it spread the covenant people with their manuscripts and culture into the "Gentile" nations of the world where they've been ever since, other than those few who returned to Palestine from which Jesus and Lazarus and the disciples spring.

The captivities can be thought of as part of what would later be called the Great Commission. The same pattern occurred later on a much smaller scale when the book of Acts records the way the disciples living in Jerusalem were forcibly ousted into their mission field. That was their calling and they may not have gone under peaceful circumstances.